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New genetic data policy must share benefits equitably and promote biodiversity conservation



2022-06-25 09:50:26 Miscellaneous

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Forty-one researchers from 17 countries, have come together offering compromise on a controversial topic under the UN Convention on Biological Diversity in a new paper in the journal Nature Communications. The researchers explain why a policy solution on digital sequence information (DSI) is pressingly needed, and propose a mechanism that would support biodiversity conservation while also better sharing the benefits from DSI research. The authors envision a policy mechanism that creates a positive feedback loop that incentivizes countries to generate and share DSI on their biodiversity, while distributing benefits equitably. The authors argue that such a policy mechanism must be "multilateral" to be successful, which means that nations around the world must cooperate and agree on common rules. The authors of this work also call on policymakers to engage with researchers in their countries who depend on DSI, so that any policy solution will not hinder crucial biodiversity research. According to Prof. Jrg Overmann, scientific director of the Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures in Germany, "When based on these scientific facts, a policy solution can foster biodiversity conservation, international collaboration and development, and at the same time ensure equitable benefit-sharing."

"Biodiversity is a natural reservoir on which our food and health security and a framework of well-being depends. Yet, it is threatened. To conserve it and stop losing it, open access to data for life scientists, coupled to fair and equitable benefit sharing of the advantages of its utilisation, should be the essence of a global policy solution." states Prof. Halima Benbouza, Director at the National Council of Scientific Research and Technologies in Algeria. There is widespread agreement that urgent international action is needed to stem the ongoing destruction of our planet"s biodiversity. Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, https://www.cbd.int/) are currently negotiating the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, which will shape efforts to protect our planet for the coming decades. Disagreements, however, have arisen regarding how to treat data derived from genetic resources, known as digital sequence information, in the new framework.

Scientists have a long and successful history of sharing DSI openly on the web. This culture of sharing is central to biodiversity research, and has driven technological advances in fields as diverse as medicine, food security, and green energy production. Online databases contain DSI for many hundreds of thousands of organisms, and grow each day. These widely-used resources support scientific reproducibility, transparency, and advancement. DSI sharing, for example, was crucial to the rapid development of SARS-CoV-2 tests and vaccines. "Progress and science today are possible thanks to researchers standing on the shoulders of predecessor giants ... and data! The Open DSI revolution, with its free flow of data across nations, has brought a democratization of scientific practice, allowing free access to genetic sequence information for biomedical research and biodiversity monitoring and protection.", stresses Prof. Ibon Cancio from the Plentzia Marine Station (PiE-UPV/EHU), EMBRC-Spain.
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The authors of this paper are members of the DSI Scientific Network (https://www.dsiscientificnetwork.org/), a group of scientists from different countries and economic settings that share convergent points of view in the DSI debate, and who have come together to argue for sensible policy solutions on this crucial issue.

Original publication:
Scholz, A. H. et al. Multilateral benefit-sharing from digital sequence information will support both science and biodiversity conservation. Nature Communications https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-28594-0 (2022).

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Scientific contact DSMZ: Dr. Amber Hartman Scholz
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Press contact IPK: Christian Schafmeister
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About the Leibniz Institute DSMZ: The Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures is the world's most diverse collection of biological resources (bacteria, archaea, protists, yeasts, fungi, bacteriophages, plant viruses, genomic bacterial DNA as well as human and animal cell lines). Microorganisms and cell cultures are collected, investigated and archived at the DSMZ. As an institution of the Leibniz Association, the DSMZ with its extensive scientific services and biological resources has been a global partner for research, science and industry since 1969. The DSMZ is the first registered collection in Europe (Regulation (EU) No. 511/2014) and certified according to the quality standard ISO 9001:2015. As a patent depository, it offers the only possibility in Germany to deposit biological material in accordance with the requirements of the Budapest Treaty. In addition to scientific services, research is the second pillar of the DSMZ. The institute, located on the Science Campus Braunschweig-Sd, accommodates more than 79,000 cultures and biomaterials and has around 200 employees. www.dsmz.de

The Leibniz Association: The Leibniz Association connects 97 independent research institutions that range in focus from the natural, engineering and environmental sciences via economics, spatial and social sciences to the humanities. Leibniz Institutes address issues of social, economic and ecological relevance. They conduct knowledge-driven and applied basic research, maintain scientific infrastructure and provide research-based services. The Leibniz Association identifies focus areas for knowledge transfer to policy-makers, academia, business and the public. Leibniz institutions collaborate intensively with universities - including in the form of "Leibniz ScienceCampi" - as well as with industry and other partners at home and abroad. They are subject to a transparent, independent evaluation. Because of their importance for the country as a whole, the Leibniz Association Institutes are funded jointly by Germany"s central and regional governments. The Leibniz Institutes employ around 20,500 people, including 11,500 researchers. The financial volume amounts to 2 billion euros. www.leibniz-gemeinschaft.de

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