Sore throat means the walls thickened or swollen throat, colored red, no white spots and pain when swallowing food. What is the cause of strep throat
Viruses and Bacteria:
• coxsackie virus (hand, foot, and mouth disease).
• The bacteria streptococcus, confirmed by throat culture. This test is generally performed in the laboratory using the patient's throat swab. Can be found the classic symptoms of streptococcal bacteria such as severe pain on swallowing, visible white spots, vomiting - vomiting, ulcers on the thyroid gland, accompanied by enlarged tonsils.
Most sore throats are caused by two types of the virus and bacterial infections. Approximately 80% of sore throats are caused by viruses and only about 10-20% are caused by bacteria. To be able to handle it, it is important to know that experienced infections caused by viruses or bacteria streptococcus.
Virus infection is usually the cause of colds (colds) and influenza that then lead to the occurrence of sore throat. A cold usually resolves itself around a minnu so your body forms antibodies against the virus. Treatment with antibiotics is not effective for treating viral infections.
In contrast, antibiotics can cause germ resistance or immunity to antibiotics. When the bacteria have been resistant to these antibiotics, when antibiotics we use, will no longer effective in killing germs. As a result, the illness will not heal.
Identify Strep Throat Symptoms
caused by viral infection as follows:
• a sense of painful or itchy and dry.
• coughing and sneezing.
• low-grade fever or no fever.
• hoarseness or raspy.
• runny nose and fluid in the back of the nose.
Infections caused by influenza virus is contagious and is easily spread. In this condition, inflammation lasts about three to ten days. Generally, the inflammation was more severe in the morning and gets better as the day goes.
Usually accompanied by a sense of weakness, decreased appetite, fever, and cough. Sore throat is also found in other viral infections such as ulcers and measles. The body needs a week to build up antibodies to destroy the viruses.
Infectious mononucleosis, or are generally caused by a virus called Epstein Barr Mono, and requires a longer time for this heal. Viruses affect the lymphatic system, causing enlargement of the tonsils and white patches appear on the surface. In addition, swelling of glands in the neck.
"Such infections usually cause a severe sore throat, thus making the patient is breathing difficulties. This virus also causes fatigue that can last more than six weeks, "said ENT specialist Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (RSCM), Dr. Widodo AS. He said, sometimes the virus also attacks the liver and cause jaundice. Although Mono Kissing Disease was given the nickname, he not only can be transmitted through saliva.
Transmission can also occur from the mouth to the hand, then from hand to mouth or from the use of towels or eating utensils together.
For bacteria, the most common and most serious in terms of complications is group A streptococcus betahemolitis. These bacteria cause strep throat and diseases associated with heart valve damage in (rheumatic fever) and kidneys (nephritis), tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, and ear infections. Another cause of sore throat is laryngo-pharyngeal reflux (LPR).
Patients usually experience pain in the throat in the morning when stomach acid rises to the top and into the back of the throat. "The throat feels a lump and sour taste. Patients often remove phlegm to clear the throat, "he said.
In addition, the sore throat can also be caused by the habit of breathing through the mouth, allergies, trapping foreign objects such as fish bone in the throat, air pollution, alcohol, or cigarettes. Dry heat in winter and breathe through the mouth due to chronic nasal obstruction also causes dry and sore throat.
Gresik, Jawa Timur